引用本文:[点击复制]
[点击复制]
【打印本页】 【在线阅读全文】【下载PDF全文】 查看/发表评论下载PDF阅读器关闭

←前一篇|后一篇→

过刊浏览    高级检索

本文已被:浏览 433次   下载 245 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
基于数字图像处理的非均质岩石材料细观尺度应力分析
李静,周汉国,刘思萌,郭建春,彭成乐,侯江朋
0
(中国石油大学储运与建筑工程学院,山东青岛 266580;西南石油大学油气藏地质及开发工程国家重点实验室,四川成都 610500;中国石化胜利油田分公司投资发展处,山东东营 257000;中国石油天然气管道局,河北廊坊 065000)
摘要:
以冀中坳陷碳酸盐岩储层为例,利用碳酸盐岩微观结构的图像信息,确定地应力数值模拟计算网格的合适尺寸,将数字图像处理技术引入非均质碳酸盐岩岩石材料细观尺度的应力分布计算中,将表征岩石细观结构特征的量与岩石物理力学参数等宏观的量有机结合,精确预测碳酸盐岩非均质储层裂缝发育及分布的区域。结果表明:研究区域最大水平主应力为-59.51 ~-95.09 MPa,最小水平主应力为-34.05 ~-52.58 MPa;Mises等效应力为56.84~83.15 MPa;研究区域最大总应变为2.097×10-4,最小总应变为1.392×10-4;岩心样品在左上区域和右下区域均出现应力集中和变形不协调的情况,预测为裂缝主要扩展和分布的区域;基于数字图像处理技术能够更真实、有效地表征储层岩石的非均质性。
关键词:  碳酸盐岩  非均质  岩石断面  数字图像处理  数值模拟
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-5005.2016.06.018
投稿时间:2016-03-13
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41272141);国家科技重大专项(2016ZX05002-002)
Stress analysis of heterogeneous rock material at mesoscopic scale based on digital image processing technology
LI Jing,ZHOU Hanguo,LIU Simeng,GUO Jianchun,PENG Chengle,HOU Jiangpeng
(College of Pipeline and Civil Engineering in China University of Petroleum, Qingdao 266580, China;State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China;Investment Development Department of SINOPEC Shengli Oilfield Company, Dongying 257000, China;China Petroleum Pipeline Bureau, Langfang 065000, China)
Abstract:
Taking the carbonate reservoir of Jizhong depression as an example in this paper, the image information of carbonate rock microscopic structure was used to determine the appropriate grid size for the numerical simulation of ground stress field. The digital image processing technology was introduced into the distribution calculation of meso-scale stress of heterogeneous carbonate rock material. Combining those quantities characterizing the microscopic structure feature of rock with the physical and mechanical parameters of rock and other macroscopic quantities, the fracture developing and distributing area in carbonate heterogeneous reservoirs can be predicted accurately. The results show that the maximum horizontal principal stress range is -59.51--95.09 MPa, and the minimum horizontal principal stress is -34.05--52.58 MPa. Mises equivalent stress is 56.84-83.15 MPa. The maximum total strain of the studied area is 2.097×10-4, and the minimum total strain is 1.392×10-4. The stress concentration and incompatible deformation occur in the up-left and the down-right regions of the core samples, which is predicted to be the main developing and distributing area of the fractures. The numerical calculation model based on digital image processing technology can reflect the real microscopic structure of reservoir rock material, and characterize the heterogeneity of reservoir rock more reliably and effectively.
Key words:  carbonate  heterogeneous  rock section  digital image processing  numerical simulation